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關于評價方面論文范文例文,與大學英語寫作教學中的形成性評價相關學年畢業論文范文

論文評價:8 推薦閱讀 word版本

本論文為關于評價方面畢業論文提綱范文,關于大學英語寫作教學中的形成性評價相關專升本畢業論文開題報告,可用于評價論文寫作研究的大學碩士與本科畢業論文開題報告范文和優秀學術職稱論文參考文獻資料下載。免費教你怎么寫評價及學生及教師方面論文范文。

摘 要 :形成性評價一經問世就被廣泛地應用到教學之中,它對于英語教學有重大和深遠的指導意義.本文從研究的含義和益處等方面詳細地論述了形成性評價,并以寫作教學為實例,論說了形成性評價在大學英語寫作教學中的實際運用.

關 鍵 詞 :形成性評價;含義;益處;實例

大學英語寫作教學中的形成性評價參考屬性評定
有關論文范文主題研究: 關于評價的論文范文 大學生適用: 專科畢業論文、在職論文
相關參考文獻下載數量: 62 寫作解決問題: 寫作資料
畢業論文開題報告: 文獻綜述、論文題目 職稱論文適用: 職稱評定、職稱評副高
所屬大學生專業類別: 寫作資料 論文題目推薦度: 優秀選題

形成性評價是指通過收集信息來評價一個課程的有效性,并指導學校如何選擇即將采用的課程以及如何改進課程教學.形成性評價是一種工具,是在教學過程中為了获得有關教學的反饋信息,改進教學,使學生的知識达到掌握程度所進行的系統性評價,即為了促進掌握尚未掌握的內容而進行的評價.

《大學英語課程教學要求(教學大綱)(試行)》要求:“學生能完成一般的寫作任務,能描述個人經歷、觀感、情感和發生的事件等,能寫常見的應用文,能就一般性話題或提綱在半小時內寫出至少120詞的短文,內容基本完整,用詞恰當,語意連貫.能掌握基本的寫作技能.”形成性評價在寫作教學中所要达到的目標是,通過不斷了解學生的寫作情況,及时調整教學,進而提高寫作教學的質量.形成性評價可以從教學理論、教學方法、學習理論等各個層面都對寫作教學活動产生不可估量的影響.

一、形成性評價的含義

關于形成性評價,不同的研究者和學者从不同的角度提出了不同的看法.如Black and William認為,形成性評價是指:“所有那些由教師或學生所進行的活動,這些活動提供反饋信息,以修改所从事的教與學活動.”而Cowie and Bell則認為:“形成性評價是師生用來認知學生學習并對此作出反應的一個過程,目的是在學習的過程中來加強學習.”再如Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick說:“形成性評價通過产生對于師生而言都大有益處的反饋信息來輔助學習.”不難看出,盡管定義不同,但無論哪種說法都認為形成性評價發生在教與學的過程之中,強調反饋信息的重要性.反饋是形成性評價的主要功能.它通常關注所學的詳細內容,而不是簡單地關注考試分數或檢查學生離期望的標準相差多遠.

形成性評價在考虑學生的經歷及其獨特的認知的同時,強調有效的教學實踐.此外,它通過敦促學生自己管理學習而為有效學習的回收和利用提供了依據.這種評價方式的意義在于它有助于幫助學生有效地理解所學的科目,从而培養具有深刻理解信息能力的知識型學生.通過形成性評價,教師也能根據反饋信息了解學生的優勢和劣勢,从而指導學生的個性化學習.

二、形成性評價的益處

作为一種進行性的評價方式,形成性評價聚焦于教學過程,它幫助教師檢查學生当前的語言能力水平,即幫助教師了解學生知道什么和不知道什么,進而幫助教師修正教學指導.形成性評價還能為學生提供機會參與調整或計劃下一步的課堂教學,對于教學的參與會大大地提升學生學習目的語言的動機,增進學生對目的語言的了解,

關于大學英語寫作教學中的形成性評價的學年畢業論文范文
關于評價方面論文范文例文
174;而可以重新確定學習目標.因此,形成性評價在幫助教師促進對學生語言能力的培養的同時,幫助學生成功實現目標.形成性評價也能幫助學生通過從同學和教師處得到的反饋信息來自己監管學習過程,同時通過形成性評價來找到機會修正和完善思考.

對于教師而言,形成性評價的益处在于:教師能夠了解學生學到了什么以及學到了什么程度;教師能夠決定需要對教學作出什么小的調整或大的改變,以便所有的學生在接下来的教學和隨后的評價中都能成功;教師可以開設適合于小組教學或單一教學的課程和活動;教師可以告訴學生他們最新取得的進步,以便幫助他們確定改進的目標.對于學生而言,形成性評價的益處則在于:學生會获得更大的學習動機;學生可以自己負責和管理學習;學生可以和教師一起進行評價;學生會學到有益終生的技能,如自我評估、自我評價和確定目標等.

三、英語寫作教學中的形成性評價

下面以2012年6月大學英語四級考試的寫作真題為例:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Excessive Packaging following the outline given below. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words: 1.目前許多商品存在過度包裝的現象;2.出現這一現象的原因;3.我對這一現象的看法和建議.


怎么撰寫評價畢業論文
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On Excessive Packaging

Nowadays, the phenomenon of excessive packaging has being a serious problem of environment and the society.

What are the causes of this problem? On the one hand, the panies want to earn more economic gains. The primary concern of a business is to make a profit. As the saying goes the business of a business is business. Companies think that by over-packaging their goods they can attract people’s attention. On the other hand, some believe that the more delicate the packaging seems, the superior the quality of the goods on excessive packaging will be. When a goods are given as a gift, great majority people believe that over-packaging goods is best. In my opinion, excessive packaging phenomenon not only creates waste of resources and causes unnecessary environment pollution, but also lead to many people pursue extravagant life fet the simple life. To avoid excessive packaging we should increase our awareness of over-packaging is destroiing our life environment from two aspects including social and nature. What’s more, panies should do what is right not just what is profitable. The owner of a pany should bine its concern for profit with the concern for the well-being of its acstomers.


這篇論文來源:http://www.jstht.com/tigang/453308.html

從文章中加粗的文字來看,這篇文章內容完整,思想表達較為準確,包括了中文提綱中的關鍵字“現象、原因及看法和建議” . 但是第一段關于現象的論述,如果增加一兩個實例內容會更加豐富.意義基本連貫, 該文運用了一些銜接手段,較連貫地組句成段,組段成篇,如利用指示代詞this; 重復使用標題中的關 鍵 詞 匯excessive packaging;運用關聯結構 on the one hand, on the other hand,what’s more等.

但在語言運用方面,該文存在的問題也不少.

1. 標點符號的使用不準確:As the saying goes the business of a business is business. 應改為As the saying goes, “the business of a business is business”.

2. 詞匯的拼寫和運用錯誤:① destroiing, acstomers應為destroying和customers;② the superior the quality of the goods on excessive packaging will be.這個句子 詞on的使用不當,應改為 with.考生之所以用了on, 是因為沒有正確理解標題,標題中的on的含義是 about,“關于”或 “論”的意思,而不是“帶有”,考生是機械地搬用標題的詞匯.

3. 句子的結構不合適: To avoid excessive packaging we should increase our awareness of over-packaging is our life environment from two aspects including social and nature.這句話不僅結構不合適,而且含義模糊不清,讓人讀來不知所云.

4. 語法運用不正確:①等excessive packaging phenomenon not only creates waste of resources and causes unnecessary environment pollution, but also lead to many people pursue extravagant life fet the simple life.這個句子的錯誤在于lead to 兩詞上.首先,本句的主語是phenomenon,謂語動詞應該和前面的creates和causes一樣,用第三人稱單數, 這是重要的語法項目“一致”中的主謂一致問題;其次to應該放在動詞pursue前,改為but also leads many people to pursue extravagant life and fet the simple life.②The owner of a pany should bine its concern for profit with the concern for the well-being of its customers. 這個句子的錯誤是代詞不一致,屬于重要的語法項目“一致”中的代詞一致問題.本句的主語是The owner而不是a pany,所以后面的形容詞性物主代詞最好用his,而不是its.

基于以上學生作文所反饋的信息,教師應用形成性評價對作文的寫作作如下指導:①準確使用標點符號,如果是引用一些名人名言或俗語、諺語等,要用引號;不能使用中文標點,不能一詞一點等;②加強詞匯學習,正確拼寫詞匯和運用詞匯的正確形式;③學生要正確理解標題,不能機械地搬用標題的詞匯,根據不同的句子需要使用標題詞匯的恰當形式;④加強重要的語法項目的學習,如一致問題、倒裝句、復合句、非謂語動詞、虛擬語氣、被動語態及各種時態等;⑤擴大閱讀量,多積累語言素材,增加語言輸入;⑥多練習寫作,熟能生巧.

在寫作教學中運用形成性評價,教師可以了解學生的寫作水平,并對教學作出相應調整和改變,幫助學生確定改進的目標,以便所有的學生在以后的寫作學習中都能提高寫作水平.同時,學生會获得更大的學習動機,學到有益終生的寫作技能和提高自我評估、自我評價和確定目標的能力.

參考文獻:

1.Bloom, Benjamin S. Learning for Mastery. Los Angeles, USA: University of California press,1968

2.Black P. J. & William D. (2009). Developing the theory of formative assessment. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 21(1)

3.教育部高等教育司,“大學英語教學基本要求”項目組,《大學英語課程教學要求(教學大綱)(試行)》,北京:清華大學出版社,2004

【責編 田彩霞】

免費論文參考文獻:

婚姻家庭法學形成性
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學前兒童科學教育形成性考核
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